Male and female Wild Turkeys travel in separate groups. They wander through woods and clearings in search of food. At night, the birds roost in trees.
During mating season, the males display for the females. Toms woo hens by strutting their manliness with wings spread, chest puffed up and tail fanned. He also gobbles and hums alluringly. The gobble can sometimes be heard a mile away.
Males mate with multiple females and do not participate in rearing the offspring. The female scratches a depression for a nest on the ground under a shrub or beside a tree trunk. She doesn't bother much about lining the nest -any dead leaves or plant material that happen to be there suffice. She lays 4-17 eggs and has one brood per year. When the youngsters are about 1 day old, they follow mom around and quickly learn to find food on their own.
Some Wild Turkey Facts
- incubation: 25-31 days
- nestling: 1 day
- length: 43-45 inches
- wingspan: 49-57 inches
- weight: 88-381 ounces
- diet: berries, buds, ferns, seeds, bulbs, moss, nuts, insects, snails, salamanders
- found in most of the US, parts of Mexico, parts of Canada
- predators: coyotes, bobcats, raccoons, mountain lions, Golden Eagles, Great Horned Owls, humans
- nest predators: rodents, birds, snakes, woodchucks, foxes, skunks, opossums
Turkeys are capable of running and flying. However, they usually choose to walk.